<a href="https://biblicalmissiology.org/blog/author/adam/" target="_self">Adam Simnowitz</a>

Adam Simnowitz

Adam Simnowitz is a minister with the Assemblies of God. He lives in Dearborn, MI. He holds a M.A. from Columbia International University from their College of Intercultural Studies. His thesis is available on this website: "Muslim Idiom Translation: Assessing So-Called Scripture Translation For Muslim Audiences With A Look Into Its Origins In Eugene A. Nida's Theories Of Dynamic Equivalence And Cultural Anthropology: https://biblicalmissiology.org/2016/03/21/muslim-idiom-translation-assessing-so-called-scripture-translation-for-muslim-audiences-with-a-look-into-its-origins-in-eugene-a-nidas-theories-of-dynamic-equivalence-and-cultural-anthro/


  1. Adam Simnowitz

    Richard, thank you for your comment. You are correct that Muslims reject God’s triune nature as they believe that it is incompatible with their understanding of monotheism (i.e. “tawhid”). Your example of how we each of us have both body and spirit yet are one being is an excellent witness that unity has plurality. Since, as Genesis 1:26-27 state that we are created in God’s image, we understand that this principle of plurality within unity exists in God in an infinite manner. I wrote a two-part series on the Trinity that you can read on this site if interested. You also bring up a very important point at the end of your post – Muslims do not believe in the Bible as God’s inspired Word and most of them have never read or heard any part of it. May we recognize that God wants us to joyfully and boldly tell them what is written in the Bible that they may put their faith in Jesua to be saved from their sin, even as others have done the same for us.

  2. Richard w Howson

    Hi, I only skimmed some of your audiences queries and what I write pertains to muslim persons. I noticed your studies had them in mind.
    Forgive me if this has been brought up unbeknowns to me. If I understand correctly the triune nature of God is not tolerated in Islamic faith. Yet their afterlife supposes virgins as a reward. When they die is their spirit said to be reborn? If so, are they not on earth body and spirit therefore two in one yet God can not be three in one? Just something I think on sometimes. I realize if they do not believe the scriptures. Thank you, God Bless You.


    Happy you took time to point out the importance of Christ’s death. Some people think they can get to God WITHOUT Christ, not realizing that they are sinners in need of CLEANSING OF THEIR HEARTS. They want to go into God’s presence just as they are. Christ, the son of God, died on the cross for sinners. It is ONLY after being cleansed from sin that we have access into God’s presence. Without being made holy by Christ, we are on the road to eternal hell fire. None of our great ideas about who we are will get us into right relationship with God. If we dishonor the son, we dishonor the one sent by God, and dishonor God at the same time. It is interesting to know that God has made Jesus the Judge of all the earth. John 5:22 says that God has passed judgement to the Son. The gentle Jesus meek and mild that we know now, the lamb of God that we disrespect now will be one from whom men will be running. Revelation 6 says
    men will be running, hiding, and praying to rocks and mountains to hide them from the WRATH of the lamb. I beg all of you people with your lofty and not so lofty ideas to heed the word of God instead of some foolish opinion of new gods that have arrived doubting the eternal word of the bible.

  4. Adam Simnowitz

    Richard, the Old Testament does not contain the kind of wording found in such passages as John 3:16; Acts 3:13-15, 26; Romans 1:1-4; 5:8-10; Hebrews 1:1-3; 1 John 4:10; however, it provides multiple details about who the Messiah would be and what He would do that correspond to these New Testament passages. This includes the foundational truth that atonement for sin (lit. “covering” in Hebrew) requires the shedding of the blood of something innocent (e.g. clothing Adam and Eve with animal skin; the sacrifices for sins and transgressions described in Leviticus; the Day of Atonement; cf. Abraham offering up Isaac; the Passover) only God has the ability and authority to forgive sin (thus implying the Incarnation); that God’s nature consists of a plurality which does not contradict His unity which plurality includes the divine Son as mentioned in this article). Psalm 22 and Isaiah 53 are rather explicit prophecies of the Messiah’s sufferings and subsequent exaltation. I encourage you to read the book of Acts and look up the various OT quotes as well as in the letter to the Hebrews. A great “window’ into God’s trinitarian nature is found in Isaiah 48:16 in which YHWH is speaking and states that He was sent by YHWH and His Spirit. Though this verse does not use “Son,” when considered with other OT passages that indicate plurality within God’s nature that do use the word, “Son,” we can recognize that the divinely-inspired writers of the NT were not following “cleverly devised tales” (2 Pet 1:16) but were used by God to make this mystery explicit (e.g. see Rom 16:25-26; 1 Cor 2:6-14; Eph 3:4-11; Col 1;25-27; 1 Pet 1:9-12),

  5. Richard

    Where does God say I will send my son to die for your sins, I have searched the old testament and I can’t find it.

  6. Peter thoms

    Jesus as the Son ofGod is extensively stated by Jesus himself, Apostolic writers, and God himself. Hebrews mentions the relationship repeatedly. My thinking has been that though the Jewish writers give us a myriad of prophetic forecasts of the Messiah the rabbinical teachings at best didn’t emphasize such a relationship. If that is so then it becomes a heretetical proclamation to the ordinary citizen and blasphemy to the leadership fueling their plans to annihilate Jesus. So my question is Was the teaching of Jesus’s day that the Messiah would have the Father/Son relationship?

  7. John Micheal Loyo

    Comment *Thanks alot brother, this is very very important more so in these last days the gosple has been tempered with leaving many p’ple confused. be strong and speak the truth without compremise.

  8. jimmy

    thank a lot may the good lord bless you the more

  9. Paneetha Ameresekere

    Thank you, wish you had more, such as from Isaiah, Genesis, too!

  10. Adam Simnowitz


    Two clarifications to my response:

    1. When I wrote, “the seed of the woman would conquer Satan, or in other words, overcome all of his temptations,” I should have written this in a way that overcoming all of Satan’s temptations was a component of conquering Satan, not the only aspect to conquering him (e.g. John 12:31; Col 2:14-15; Heb 2:14; 1 John 3:8).
    2. I should have completed the following: Whether the “type” is Joseph (Jacob’s son), Moses, Aaron (as high priest), Joshua, David, Solomon, Joshua the high priest mentioned in Zechariah 3, etc. or the child spoken of in Isaiah 7:14, each one of these only gives us partial aspects of who the Messiah would be and what He would do.

  11. Adam Simnowitz


    Thank you for taking the time to leave your comment. I apologize for such a delayed response. With regard to vv. 15-16, you are correct – the descriptions in these verses cannot be referring to the Messiah but rather to a child that would be born and still be very young when the Assyrians and the northern kingdom of Israel would become forsaken. This, however, is in keeping with one of the ways in which the Old Testament reveals the Messiah to us, namely by using real individuals as “types” of the Messiah. Clearly, none of these human “types” were without sin, yet it is clear that the Messiah had to be so which is implicit in Genesis 3:15 (the seed of the woman would conquer Satan, or in other words, overcome all of his temptations; cf. Isa 53:9; Jer 23:6; 33:16). Whether the “type” is Joseph (Jacob’s son), Moses, Aaron (as high priest), Joshua, David, Solomon, Joshua the high priest mentioned in Zechariah 3, etc. or the child spoken of in Isaiah 7:14. When analogies are made, at some point they break down, that is, not every aspect of the thing being used as the comparison is applicable; but there is a certain aspect that is (or are certain aspects that are) properly analogous. Verses 15-16, therefore, do not undermine the Messianic prophecy of verse 14 (see Matt 1:21-23).

    Regarding the matter of the identity of the virgin/young woman, there are various opinions. Biblehub.com has a number of commentaries that you can read for this passage. The Bible is clear that the only virgin birth (to be more precise, a child miraculously conceived by a virgin) was that of Jesus Christ/Messiah (Matt 1:18-25; Luke 1:26-56). The virgin birth of the Messiah was in keeping, yet fittingly surpasses all of the barren women in the Bible who miraculously conceived through God’s intervention.

  12. Priscilla sutio

    Thank you for this article. I pray that the ‘eyes of the blind’ (unbelievers, especially those who reject the truth that Jesus Christ is the Son of God) will be opened by this truth and the hardened hearts will experience God’s love and accept the greatest gift which is God’s Son, Jesus Christ. The Word of God is truth. Salvation is nigh!

  13. Gupa

    Thank you very much. I saved it those texts. Appreciated that. Glory to Lord Jesus. Amen.

  14. Bjorn Arseth

    I have a question concerning Isaiah 7:14. My New Oxford Annotated Bible has the following verses: “Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign. Look, the young woman is with child and shall bear a son, and shall name him Immanuel. He shall eat curds and honey by the time he knows how to refuse the evil and choose the good. For before the child knows how to refuse the evil and choose the good, the land before whose two kings you are in dread will be deserted.”
    When I read verse 15 and 16 it seems to me that this child is not the Messiah ? Do you know who this other virgin/young woman was that Isaiah is talking about ?
    Can we say that it is actually two virgin births in the bible ?
    Sincerely Bjorn Arseth

  15. Peter neufeld

    Thanks for this website.

  16. Carlos

    Jeaus is the true SON OF GOD indeed.

  17. Gillie

    @ Kamran Ali

    The Quran, wich came 660 years later claims more things. The Torah and the Prophets tell other wise, that God is a Father, and the He has a Son (before He came as a Human being)

    So is the Christ identified in many other ways in other Titles who show who He is. May the Lord most High open your eyes to see the Truth in Christ the Lord, who was Crussified for our sins, but is Alive forever more!

  18. Kamran Ali

    According to Islam, Jesus is not the son of the Allah (God) but a beloved prophet. Reference from the Quran is Surah e Ikhlaas. Thanks!!!!

  19. derek taylor

    What l would like to know is what does the old testament say about the brith of Christ


    Messianic Prophesy 700 years before Jesus’ birth
    Isaiah 52:14, 53:3, 7-8 (Actually all of Isaiah 53 is known as a forbidden chapter in traditional Judaism as more Jews accept Jesus as Savior due to it. )

    Just as many were astonished and appalled at you, My people (The Jews), so His appearance was disfigured more than any man and His form [marred] more than the sons of men… He was despised and rejected by mankind, a man of suffering, and familiar with pain. Like one from whom people hide their faces He was despised… He was oppressed and He was afflicted, yet He did not open His mouth [to complain or defend Himself]; like a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and like a sheep that is silent before her shearers, so He did not open His mouth. After oppression and judgment He was taken away; and as for His generation, who [among them] concerned himself with the fact that He was cut off from the land of the living [by His death] for the transgression of My people, to whom the stroke [of death] was due?

    Messiah Foreshadowed 1000 years before Jesus’ birth
    Psalm 22:1, 16-18

    My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?…
    They pierced My hands and My feet; I can count all My bones. They look and stare at Me. They divide My garments among them, and for My clothing they cast lots.

  21. Adam Simnowitz

    Karyn, thank you for taking the time to leave a comment. Did you mean to write “allusions” instead of “illusions”? (because there is a great difference in meaning.) For the sake of the rest of my response, I will assume that you meant to write “allusions.” First, the main point of this article is that the Old Testament prepares the reader/hearer to recognize that there is an eternally divine Son who is one with the Creator and thus worthy of worship. Second, the belief in the coming Messiah among the Jews is well known and precedes Jesus coming to earth by many, many years. Third, Jesus stated that the Scriptures (what is commonly known as the “Old Testament”) DO indeed point to Himself: John 5:39-47; Luke 24:25-27, 32, 44-47. See also: Acts 17:2-3, 10-12; 18:24-28; Rom 1:1-4; 16:25-26; 1 Cor 15:1-4; 2 Tim 3:14-15. As for “Jesus” (which is the same name as “Joshua” in Hebrew) never being mentioned in the Old Testament by name, this is not exactly correct. The announced name of “Jesus” (i.e. “Joshua) in Luke 1:31 and Matthew 1:21 should bring to remembrance the renaming of Hoshea to Joshua (Num 13:16) who is alluded to in John 1:17. Even as Moses, the law-giver could not bring the Israelites into the Promised Land, Joshua (YH saves) did, how much more is the Law impotent to save anyone yet the grace of Joshua Messiah (or, Jesus Christ) does indeed provide salvation for those who believe in Him. The naming of Jesus should also bring to remembrance one of the last prophecies of the Messiah given in the Old Testament – Zechariah 3. This most amazing chapter of how Jesus would bear our sins and provide cleansing for them is illustrated by the then high priest whose name just happened to be Joshua, of whom God explicitly stated that he and those with him were a “sign” for the coming “Branch” which is one of the key words in the prophets for the Messiah. See also Zech 6:11-15 in which Joshua the high priest is crowned pointing to the fact that the coming “Branch” would not only be high priest but king (something impossible under the Old Covenant) but realized in Jesus Christ. The letter to the Hebrews has multiple references to Jesus Christ being our high priest and sets forth in greater detail what these prophecies of Zechariah mean.

  22. karyn tirrell

    Jesus was never mentioned in the old testament. Only vague illusions to a possible Mesiah.

  23. sohail john

    it is complete understanding that makes Jesus known to everyone as the only choice to be followed and praised.

  24. Adam Simnowitz

    Thanks for your comment. Both 2 Sam 7:14 and 1 Chr 17:13 contain the quote found in Heb 1:5. I appreciate you mentioning this cross-reference as it provides another related passage.

  25. B Green

    1 Chronicles 17:11-14 is a better reference for Hebrews 1:5 than 2 Samuel 7:14 used here.


  1. God has a Son – The Rationalist - […] Then, the next day I found a good blog that I will link that has Old Testament references to…
  2. Occurrences of Father, Son, and Son of God, or Familial Language Terminology in the New Testament - […] For a companion piece to these charts see the article, “Son of God in the Old Testament.” […]

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

%d bloggers like this: