This is a blurb of a three part series on Islamic Christology written on our Editorial Blogs site by Saudi Christian from a Muslim Background, Al Fadi.
One of the main and specific issues between Muslims and Christians since the days of Muhammad until now has been Christology. The image of God as the Transcendent Other appears to be sacrificed by the Christian notion of Jesus as the ‘Son of God’, and ‘Trinity.’ Thus the dominant image of Jesus in the Quran is not as one of the prophets who serve to illustrate the message and the ministry of Muhammad and also serve as a warning to those who do not listen to him, but as one who correct Christians of exceeding the bounds of ‘the Islamic structure of prophecy’.
The Quranic Christology shows that ideas from a doctrinal dispute over the nature of Christ, which arose between the third and sixth century in the churches of the Mediterranean region, had advanced as far as Mecca. Resident Jews may also have influenced Muhammad with their rejection of Jesus’ divine Sonship. Thus Muhammad denied the heavenly nature of Christ with a cutting sharpness. In Sura Q 112 of the Quran we find the core of Islam in the command for the Muslim confession, “Allah begets not and was not begotten.”
This phrase is impressed upon every Muslim from childhood – God is not a father and never had a son. In Q 9:29-30 Muhammad gave a more radical argument to this theme. He ascertained: “The Christians say, `the Messiah is the Son of Allah.’ That is the utterance of their mouths, conforming to the unbelievers before them. Allah kill them! How they are perverted!” With this curse, Muhammad asserts that anyone who believes that God is a Father and Christ is His Son, must be annihilated by Allah. Who can deny that this is a manifestation of an anti-Christian spirit? In Islam a real incarnation of God in Christ is unthinkable which is a clear confirmation to the truth found in 1 John 2:22-23 and 4:2-3 as to the signs of the Antichrist: “This is the Antichrist who denies the Father and the Son. Whoever denies the Son does not have the Father either… Every spirit that does not confess that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is not of God, and this is the spirit of the Antichrist.”