This is part two of a two part series on the Trinity.
- Part One: Unity has Plurality (Apr 16, 2018)
- Part Two: God’s Love as the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (Apr 23, 2018)
In 1919 after the end of the Paris Peace Conference, then Emir Faisal (or Feisal), along with his staff from the Arabian Peninsula, traveled with Lawrence of Arabia to London. During their stay at the Ritz hotel, they were amazed by the running water to which they had access. These men wanted to remove the “magic faucets” from the hotel because they thought that if they took them to the Arabian Peninsula and elsewhere, they would always have instantaneous access to hot and cold water by simply turning the handles. 1 They failed to realize, however, all of the detailed engineering behind these faucets.
This amusing account is illustrative of the universal human tendency to incorrectly perceive reality where there is incomplete knowledge of what we are observing. The problem is not in the observation, but rather in our ignorance and faulty conclusions. As Christians, we have truly experienced God’s love in tangible ways no less than these bedouins experienced the benefits of running water at the Ritz hotel. Yet how often do we consciously relate God’s love to His eternal triune nature? In the same way that these Middle Easterners thought that if they removed the faucets (and spouts) from the hotel they would still have access to hot and cold water, too many times we think and speak of God’s love as if it is independent of His being the Trinity.
“God Is Love” (1 John 4:8, 16)
In 1 John 4:8, 16, we read, “God is love.” This simple statement is not mere sentiment, but a profound revelation of God’s nature. Of all the attributes of God, love is the most comprehensive of them. Two passages from Scripture sufficiently illustrate this. The first example is found when Jesus was asked about the greatest commandment in the Law (Matthew 22:34-40) 2 Out of the hundreds of commands given in the Torah, Jesus responded that the two most important of them are to love God (Deuteronomy 6:5) and to love others (Leviticus 19:18). From this it is apparent that love is the all-encompassing attribute for all of God’s commands, which being His Word, is an accurate reflection of His nature. 3 The second passage is found in 1 Corinthians 13. Love is explicitly described as the most comprehensive attribute. It is stated to be the “greatest” (1 Corinthians 13:13). Without love, even the performing of miracles or sacrificing one’s life are described as “nothing” (1 Corinthians 13:1-2).
The Greatest Expression of God’s Love
Since everything that God does is based in love, any number of examples from Scripture could be profitably referenced to help us see God’s triune nature at work. For the sake of time and space, however, let us consider the greatest expression of His love, namely the sending of His Son, Jesus Christ, who died on the cross for our sins:
For God so loved the world that he gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish but have everlasting life. (John 3:16)
8 But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. 9 Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from the wrath of God through Him. 10 For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life. (Romans 5:8-10)
9 By this the love of God was manifested in us, that God has sent His only begotten Son into the world so that we might live through Him. 10 In this is love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us and sent His Son to be the propitiation for our sins. (1 John 4:9-10)
The repeated reference to God’s Son (or, the Son of God) in the context of the greatest expression of His love reveals to us that at the very least there is a distinction between God and His Son (which implies that God is His Father). It also reveals to us that God’s love cannot be separated from this unity of the Father and His Son.
The Eternal Love Between the Father and the Son
The relation of love to the unity of the Father and Son is also referenced in the events leading up to God’s greatest expression of love. The evening prior to His crucifixion, Jesus spoke of His love for the Father (which implies that Jesus is the Son): but so that the world may know that I love the Father, I do exactly as the Father commanded Me… (John 14:31) He also spoke of the Father’s love for Him: “Father, I desire that they also, whom You have given Me, be with Me where I am, so that they may see My glory which You have given Me, for You loved Me before the foundation of the world.” (John 17:24)
When considered together, these verses reveal that mutual loving relations have existed from eternity between the Father and the Son as the Father and the Son. The terms, “Father” and “Son,” therefore, have to do with eternal distinctions within God’s nature without which love does not exist. 4 This love is also mentioned by the Father when he declared at Jesus’ baptism and His transfiguration, “This is my beloved Son in whom I am well pleased” (emphasis added). 5 It is highly significant that two of the three recorded times in the New Testament where the Father spoke audibly, He spoke of Jesus as “my beloved Son,” while in the third occurrence it is implied. 6
The Holy Spirit and Love
There are several passages in the Bible that attribute the source of divine love to the Holy Spirit. The most explicit of them is found in Romans 15:30: Now I urge you, brethren, by our Lord Jesus Christ and by the love of the Spirit, to strive together with me in your prayers to God for me. This attribution of love to the Spirit is highly significant with respect to God’s triune nature. First, it occurs in one of the “trinitarian groupings” in Scripture which repeatedly reveal to us that exclusively divine attributes and activities are equally shared by the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. 7 Second, while the phrase, “the love of God,” is primarily found in Scripture 8 we also find “the love of the Father” 9 and “the love of Christ.” 10 This simultaneous attribution of love to God in general and His distinctions in particular help us recognize that whenever Scripture speaks of divine love, all the distinctions of God’s triune nature are always implied, even if not all explicitly mentioned in the same passage.
The following two passages indicate that the source of divine love in the believer’s life comes from the Holy Spirit:
and hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out within our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us. (Romans 5:5)
22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law. (Galatians 5:22-23)
Another passage that strongly implies that the Holy Spirit is the source of divine love is one to which we have already made reference, namely 1 Corinthians 13. This descriptive chapter about the nature of love is placed in the midst of instructions on the supernatural gifts of the Holy Spirit mentioned in 1 Corinthians 12 and 14. The implication is that just as the Holy Spirit is the source of these gifts, He is also the source of the love which surpasses them (1 Corinthians 12:31; cf. 13:13) and apart from which is “nothing” (1 Corinthians 13:1-2).
A final consideration is what Jesus said to the Samaritan woman: “God is Spirit” (John 4:24). As one of the two parallel statements to “God is love” with regard to His essence, 11 we understand that since God, who is one, can be equally described as love and Spirit, and that consciousness is ascribed to the Spirit but not to love, 12 the Holy Spirit is truly the source of divine love.
In the first article of this series I highlighted the Scriptural witness that the oneness of God is a unity that has a threefold plurality. This principle of plurality within unity can be seen in Creation and is neither illogical nor beyond human experience, especially since we have been created in God’s image (Genesis 1:26-27). In this article I have presented a brief treatment of how the Scriptural witness of God’s love points to His triune nature in which exists mutual relations. That love exists in mutual relations is yet another principle that we understand and experience. It is only fitting, therefore, that we who are created and reflect the image of God in limited fashion, would find this same principle present in unlimited fashion within our Creator.
The Name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit is both the way in which believers in the Lord Jesus Christ are to be baptized (Matthew 28:19) and a divine revelation into the inner workings of that profound truth, so simply expressed as “God is love” (1 John 4:8, 16). The Trinity reveals to us that God is relational and His love is real, beckoning us to be ever immersed in Him, loving Him in return and expressing that love to others.
To read Part I of this series, click here.
- Lowell Thomas, With Lawrence in Arabia, (New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1924) , p. 250. ↩
- cf. Mark 12:28-31. ↩
- Consider the role of God’s Word in Creation – all that He spoke resulted in goodness (e.g. Gen 1:4, 10, 12, 18, 21, 25, 31) reflecting His own good nature (e.g. 1 Chr 16:34; 2 Chr 5:13; 7:3; Ps 34:8; 73:1; 100:5; 106:1; 107:1; 118:1, 29; 135:3; 136:1; 145:9; Jer 33:11; Lam 3:25; Nah 1:7; Matt 19:17; Mark 10:18; Luke 18:19). For further corroboration of this point, Jesus has always been “the Word” (John 1:1; 1 John 1:1) and He alone of all humans, from the time that Adam and Eve sinned, lived without sin in this sin-ravaged world (e.g. John 8:46; 2 Cor 5:21; Heb 4:15; 7:26; 1 Pet 1:21-22; 1 John 3:5). Because God is the truth and cannot lie (e.g. John 14:6; Titus 1:2); because He is light and in Him is no darkness at all (1 John 1:5), there is never any discrepancy between God’s Word and His character. Whatever He speaks accurately reflects who He is. ↩
- To better appreciate this truth, a word study on all of the occurrences in the Bible of “Son,” its fuller form, “Son of God,” and the reciprocal term, “Father,” is essential. The reader is referred to the author’s charts of the occurrences of these three terms based on the Greek text of the New Testament (these charts are available here). ↩
- Matt 3:17; 17:5; cf. Col 1:13. ↩
- See John 12:28. Although the Father did not explicitly call Jesus “my beloved Son” on this occasion, His being the Son is implied by Jesus addressing Him as “Father” while the Father’s love is implied by His immediate, supernatural response to His request. ↩
- For more Scripture references to “trinitarian groupings” see list at the end of the first article. ↩
- e.g. Luke 11:42; John 5:42; Rom 5:5; 8:39; 2 Cor 13:11, 14; 2 Thess 3:5; Titus 3:4; 1 John 2:5; 3:16, 17; 4:9; 5:3; Jude 21). ↩
- 1 John 2:15; cf. 1 John 3:1. ↩
- Rom 8:35; 2 Cor 5:14; Eph 3:19. ↩
- There are three places in Scripture that are rendered in English with “God is” followed by a noun, indicating something about His essential nature: God is Spirit (John 4:24); God is light (1 John 1:5); and God is love (1 John 4:8, 16). While the occurrence of “God is a consuming fire” (Deut 4:24; Heb 12:29) is grammatically the same in the Hebrew and Greek to the above occurrences with the additional adjective following the noun; both contexts for this occurrence help us understand that this is pointing to one of the many necessary attributes of God (i.e. He is just and therefore punishes disobedience) as opposed to being a statement about His essence. ↩
- For example, the Holy Spirit knows: 1 Cor 2:11; the Holy Spirit feels: Gen 6:3-6; Isa 63:10; Acts 15:28; Eph 4:30; the Holy Spirit hears: John 16:13; the Holy Spirit speaks, including the inspiring of Scripture: 2 Sam 23:2; Acts 13:2; 1 Pet 1:10-12; 2 Pet 1:20-21; Heb 3:7-11 with Ps 95:7-11; the Holy Spirit can be blasphemed and tested by people’s sin: Matt 12:31-32; Acts 5:9; the Holy Spirit intercedes and has a mind: Rom 8:26-27; the Holy Spirit gives guidance: Matt 4:1; John 16:13-15; Gal 5:18; etc. ↩
Lawal, regarding the word, “Trinity,” see my comment below from Feb. 25, 2021. As for Jehovah’s Witnesses, they are not Christians. They follow a form of “Arianism” as they believe that God is not triune, that he created Michael the archangel through whom he then created the universe and that Jesus is Michael the archangel who became human. They also have mistranslated a number of verses in the Bible in the attempt to uphold this heretical teaching such as John 1:1 and Hebrews 1:8 in their “New World Translation.” If Jesus is not God incarnate, He would have no authority nor ability to forgive our sins against God. Psalm 49:6-9 make it clear that no human can redeem another human from death. Psalm 49:15 tells us that God, however, has this ability. Isaiah 59:15-17 also makes this point. Jesus pointed out that only God can save: Matthew 19:25-26; Mark 10:26-27; Luke 18:26-27. Isaiah 43:11; 1 Tim 1:1; 2:3; 4:10; Titus 1:3; 2:10; 3:4; Jude 25 state that only God (YHWH) is the Savior. Because Jesus is God incarnate (e.g. John 1:1, 14), the New Testament explicitly refers to Him as such (e.g. Matt 1:21; Luke 2:11; John 4:42; Acts 5:31; Acts 13:23; Eph 5:23; Phil 3:20; 2 Tim 1:10; Titus 1:4; 2:13; 3:6; 2 Pet 1:1, 11; 2:20; 3:2, 18; 1 John 4:14.
The question of trinity as been so much challenge by some christian especially the Jehovah witness. Which results to misunderstanding of the word among the christian fold , please which doctrine are the Jehovah witness using.
Richard, I highly recommend that you read all the occurrences of “Son of God” and “Son” in reference to Jesus. You can find them on this website under the title, “Occurrences of Father, Son, and Son of God, or Familial Language Terminology in the New Testament.” I also refer you to another article on this website, “Son of God in the Old Testament.”
As for your question, “If Jesus is just a man and not God or a god, why would that make any difference?,” yes, it makes all the difference. The Bible teaches that sin – our disobedience to God our Creator – is so destructive that only God has the ability to save us from it. While there are many Scriptures that can be referenced, Isaiah 59 is very instructive in this regard. For the first 15 and a half verses it speaks of the destructiveness of sin and then clearly states that He could find no man to be the intercessor/mediator. God, therefore, had to do it Himself. If Jesus is not God in the flesh, His death on the cross and resurrection could not save us because mere humans are unable to intercede for sin; further, the incredible prophecy of Isaiah 59, given some 700 years before the eternal Son of God came to earth as the Son of Man (or, Son of Adam), that is, Jesus Christ, would be left unfulfilled.
Why does Jesus revealing that he is the son of God make him a god or any part of God? He was conceived through Mary and therefore is directly the son of God, unlike the rest of humanity. Even Adam cannot claim to be the son of God because he was made and not begotten. Because Jesus was begotten doesn’t make him a god or God. So I don’t understand why he needs to be placed that high. If Jesus is just a man and not God or a god, why would that make any difference? He was still sent by God.
I do not know why the word, “Trinity,” is not found in the Bible but the revelation that the one, true God is triune within Himself is present in its text and is not dependent on this word. The same also holds true for other truths such as the Incarnation (i.e. God became man). Coining words to describe a concept, idea, teaching, etc. is common to humanity. For instance, Muslims coined the word, “tawhid” (توحيد), to describe their view of God’s oneness – which is anti-trinitarian – even though this word is not found in the Qur’an. The word, “Trinity,” is derived from the Latin words “three” and “one” and was coined to describe the witness of Scripture that the one God is Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (e.g. Matthew 28:19). The word, “Trinity,” is known to have been used as early as the late 2nd century A.D. by Theophilus of Antioch as well as by Tertullian in the early 3rd century A.D.
Good evening pastor, please why is the term Trinity not found written in the Bible?
The following passages also emphasize the importance of love with regard to the commands in the Old Testament:
8 Owe nothing to anyone except to love one another; for he who loves his neighbor has fulfilled the law. 9 For this, “YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT ADULTERY, YOU SHALL NOT MURDER, YOU SHALL NOT STEAL, YOU SHALL NOT COVET,” and if there is any other commandment, it is summed up in this saying, “YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF.” 10 Love does no wrong to a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfillment of the law.
If, however, you are fulfilling the royal law according to the Scripture, “YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF,” you are doing well.